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Healthy Kids CO Survey 2019

What is Healthy Kids Colorado Survey (HKCS)?
The purpose of the Healthy Kids Colorado Survey is to better understand youth health and what factors support youth to make healthy choices.

HKCS is the state’s only comprehensive survey on the health and well-being of young people.
The survey is voluntary, anonymous, and happens every two years in the fall.
The survey is administered by the Colorado Department of Public Health and Environment (CDPHE) in partnership with the Colorado Department of Education (CDE), and the Colorado School of Public Health (CSPH) .

What Topics Are Covered?
Alcohol, tobacco & other substance use
Bullying School safety & physical fighting
Physical activity & nutrition
Sexual behaviors (only on high school survey)
Risk & protective factors (e.g., school connectedness)
Suicidal ideation & mental health
Unintentional injuries & violence

Asking a young person questions on a survey does not influence their health behavior.

Jeffco Healthy Schools will produce a resource page connecting students to support and information on all survey
topics if they are interested in information or support.

What are the Benefits of Participating in HKCS?
Results support data-driven decisions and trend tracking
Helps direct resources, time and effort based on findings
Needed for many district and community grant applications that bring in resources for mental health
Educates leaders to shape effective district and public policy
Provides support for healthier learning environments
The Jeffco School Safety Task Force identified HKCS data as a top priority to the BOE.

Which Districts and Schools Participate?
In 2017, the survey sampled around 56,000 youth from 190 randomly selected CO middle and high schools. 190 schools participated in CO and 11 schools were in Jeffco

How Does Administration Work?
The survey is administered every other year in the fall. Next administration is fall 2019.

CSPH selects a random sample by the 21 Health Statistics Regions in Colorado.
Jefferson County is region 21.
Most schools in the sample are high school, as this produces regional data for the county and state. Typically a smaller number middle schools are selected.
The survey typically takes 45 minutes or one class period.
The survey will be available online for the first time in 2019.

What Consent is Needed?
Colorado law requires parental consent, which has been interpreted to allow active or passive consent. Active or passive consent is determined at the district-level.
Jeffco used active consent for the 2015 and 2017 survey.
Jeffco is using passive consent in 2019 per Superintendent approval
Over 90% of districts use a passive consent model.

CO Attorneys General in 2015 determined that HKCS passive consent meets federal and state statute requirements:
State Law: CRS 22-1-123 (5)(a) Protection of Student Data: Survey Consent
And Federal Law: U.S.C. 1232h (PPRA) which only applies to surveys administered by Federal Dept. of Education
§ CDE Summary
§ Colorado AG Summary

What About Student Data Privacy?
The data collected is anonymous, aggregate data that follows suppression criteria. No school or student identifying information is ever publicized. Schools can get their own data if adequate participation is met as requested.

Anonymity of student information will be maintained by providing random one time access codes which will also match the standard pencil and paper.
Survey administrators will follow all district guidelines and policies regarding data privacy.
No student records are requested - it is not possible to link to any student data. Data collected electronically will be sent via the internet through secure transmission using https encryption of the information in case it were to be intercepted by a third party.
All data will be stored in an electronic, password protected, “data warehouse” developed by CU Office of Information Technology (OIT). It will be secured under the HIPAA and University Research protections. These protections are in compliance with the Jeffco Public School’s Data Protection Policy as the HKCS collects de-identified data and will be used for this study and any reporting the district requests.

Did Jeffco Participate in the Past?
Jeffco did not allow any participation in 2011 and 2013.
In 2015, a handful of schools participated, but not enough for representative data.
In 2017, 11 schools participated with over 2,200 students participating. However, the response rate was too low for representative data for the county/region.

How is the Data Used?
The anonymous survey data is de-identified for analysis and reported at the health statistics region and state level to Colorado Department of Public Health and Environment.
Data may also be shared with Jeffco Public Health to inform their community and adolescent health promotion.
Results support data-driven decisions, effective district policy and trend tracking
A school-specific report will be provided to each school, if desired. School level results are not released to anyone other than Jefferson County School District personnel.

What Are the Impacts of Not Having HKCS Data?
The community often relies on this type of data for grant applications, community assessments, and to address student needs.
Less information to make data-driven decisions regarding student health and wellness resources, funding and programs.
No local data to track trends in student health and risk-related behavior. 
The district and other community partners have lost points on grant applications due to lacking this data.

How Can I Learn More?
Healthy Kids Colorado Survey Data Tables and Reports
2017 HKCS Executive Summary
HKCS Facts 

Contact us!
Whitney Israel - Project Director at CU Anschutz,

Emily O'Winter & Fran Taffer Jeffco Healthy Schools
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